Amateur Shooto Official Rules
Shooto Europe provides here the official rules for Amateur Shooto by the Japan Shooto Association as authorized by the International Shooto Commission. This is the most current translated rule set as of November 14th 2018. These rules are strictly copyrighted. No unauthorized use of any kind is allowed without written permission by Shooto Europe.
Official Ruleset for Amateur Shooto Competitions
As issued by the General Incorporated Shooto Association of Japan Official competition rules for Amateur Shooto
Chapter 1: Championship Matches
Article 1 【championship matches】
A championship match is any match that has been acknowledged and authorized/licensed by the General Incorporated Shooto Association of Japan (below: “Japan Shooto Association”). However, the Japan Shoot Association reserves the right to cancel championship matches depending on the situation.
Article 2 【rounds】
- Generally, single matches consist of 2 rounds, with each round lasting for the amount of 3 minutes. Rounds will be separated by a 1 minute interval.
- Tournament matches generally consist of 1 round lasting 4 minutes, while only final elimination matches consist of 2 rounds lasting 3 minutes each. Anyhow, should the last round of a final elimination match result in a draw due to both contestants scoring an equal number of points, an extension consisting of 1 round lasting 2 minutes will be conducted. Still, rounds will be separated by a 1 minute interval.
Article 3 【match judgement】
The judgement of each match will be conducted by 1 referee and 2 sub-referees acknowledged by the Japan Shooto Association (below: “judges”). Otherwise, 1 referee and 3 sub-referees can also be appointed.
Chapter 2: Judges
Article 4 【qualification requirement】
Referees and judges must be familiar with the rules established by the Japan Shooto association as well as Shooto technique and its’ foundational principles.
Article 5 【improvement of technique】
Judges are required to hold meetings as necessary, in order to agree upon refereeing technique and point scoring judgement, as well as to discuss questions related to interpretations of the given rules. They must always strive to improve overall judging and refereeing technique.
Article 6 【neutrality and fairness】
Judges are required to show neutrality and fairness at all times.
Article 7 【unfairness】
Judges are required to adopt a firm attitude against bribery, blackmail as well as all other forms of unfairness and reject them at all times.
Article 8 【dismissal】
Should a referee or judge make any mistake in applying the rules or commit an error in judgement, the Japan Shooto Association can possibly, upon internal deliberation, suspend them from their duties.
Chapter 3: Contest Participants
Article 9 【protocol】
Contest participants need to observe the following points:
- Contestants participating in a regular amateur match carried out in Japan need to be registered as amateur contestants with the Japan Shooto Association.
- This requirement does apply for any person currently residing outside of Japan.
- Contestants are required to be present at the contest venue 30 minutes prior to the start of the first match.
- Contestants are required to undergo and successfully pass medical examination prior to participating in a contest.
- Contestants are required to be accompanied by at least 1 second.
- After the beginning of a match, contestants are not allowed to leave the ring without a referees’ permission. When leaving the ring during a match with a referees’ permission, contestants need to be accompanied by an official representative of the Japan Shooto Association (below: contest official).
- After a match has ended, contestants are required to leave the ring as soon as possible.
- It’s every contestants’ duty to ensure personal safety by equipping themselves with a mouthpiece and, in the case of male contestants, a cup. Female contestants can optionally equip themselves with an abasement guard (lower abdomen protective gear).
- Although contestants are free to tape their joints, any taping must be approved by a contest official and covered with a supporter bandage in order to prevent it from peeling off during a match.
- Application of Vaseline, oil, grease or other oils and fats, medicine or cosmetic products that emit a strong or unpleasant smell as well as hairdressing products (oils, gels, etc.) to the contestants’ body or hair is prohibited, since they could possibly obstruct and/or hinder the correct execution of ground pinning techniques as well as offensive and defensive wrestling techniques.
- Metal objects of any kind, e.g. necklaces, finger rings and earrings, must not be worn during a match.
Article 10【contestant registration】
Anyone who wants to register as a contestant needs to observe the following points:
- Individuals applying for contestant registration must have completed the registration application form issued by the Japan Shooto association by filling out all required fields. Furthermore, they must submit 1 clear and distinctive portrait photo (uncovered head, front view), no older than 3 months going back from the day of the application, as well as the pre-determined registration fee to the Japan Shooto association before their first match on the day of a tournament.
- All individuals wearing tattoos, unrelated to their size and positioning, are obliged to submit a written blood test report (HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C) within 1 month of handing in their registration application form. Individuals that carry the risk of passing on infectious diseases to others will be denied registration.
- In the case that a contestant is still a minor (underage person), the consent of both their coach as well as any person exercising parental authority is required.
Article 11【withdrawal of registration, suspension】
Any registered individual that violates the basic rules or any valid national laws as well as any individual that no longer fulfils the registration qualification requirements according to the Japan Shooto Associations’ judgement will have their registration revoked or, otherwise, will be suspended from competing for a duration seen fit by the Japan Shooto Association (below: suspension). Furthermore, contestants that have suffered a defeat by KO upon strikes to the head will be subject to suspension for the sake of their own health and safety management.
Suspension periods are determined as seen below:
- Contestants disqualified for breaking the rules are to be suspended for a period of 30 days.
- Contestants suffering a defeat by KO due to strikes to the head are to be suspended for a period of 60 days. Furthermore, the suspension period for suffering a KO due to strikes to the head will start over anew, should the contestant participate in any other form of competition or match.
- Contestants who have failed to meet their respective goal weight at the weigh-in are to be suspended for 60 days.
Chapter 4: Seconds
Each contestant can be accompanied by up to 3 seconds, 1 of which must be appointed chief second.
Article 13【prohibited actions】
Seconds must observe the following points. Violators will receive a 1st warning and can be relieved from their duties as a second after a 2nd warning has been issued. Furthermore, individuals that have been relieved from their duties are banned from acting as a second for 24 hours.
- Only the chief second is authorized to enter the ring prior to the start of a match and inbetween rounds.
- Upon the announcement of “seconds out”, 10 seconds prior to the start of a round, the chief second is required to leave the ring as fast as possible, taking with them all items they have brought into the ring with them.
- Seconds are forbidden from touching either contestants’ bodies during a match round, neither inside nor outside the ring.
- Seconds are forbidden from entering the ring during a match round for any reason.
- Seconds must refrain from using improper speech and foul language.
The following tools can be used by seconds over the course of a match:
- Adhesive tape
- Cotton swabs
- Tools to prevent swelling
- Haemostatic agents/styptics
Chapter 5: Weight Classes
Article 15【body weight】
Matches are held according to contestants’ body weight. The according weight classes and body weight limits are determined as of below:
|Atomweight||up to 47.6kg (-105lb)|
|Strawweight||up to 52.2kg (-115lb)|
|Flyweight||up to 56.7kg (-125lb)|
|Bantamweight||up to 61.2kg (-135lb)|
|Featherweight||up to 65.8 kg (-145lb)|
|Lightweight||up to 70.3kg (-155lb)|
|Welterweight||up to 77.1kg (-170lb)|
|Middleweight||up to 83.9kg (-185lb)|
|Light heavyweight||up to 93.0kg (-205lb)|
|Heavyweight||up to 120.2kg (-265lb)|
|Super heavyweight||up from 120.2kg without limit (+265lb)|
Chapter 6: Weighing In
Contestants competing in a match must appear at a time and place pre-determined by the Japan Shooto Association (usually within 24 hours prior to a match) and have their naked bodies weighed under supervision of a contest official. Tardiness or non-appearance for no legitimate reason will be penalized by disqualification. If a legitimate reason exists, the contestant is asked to attend at a newly set weighting appointment, determined by the responsible contest officials. A contestants’ fingernails, toenails, scalp hair etc. are to be checked according to a contest officials’ instructions during the weighing appointment.
Article 17【not meeting the weight requirements】
If weighing results show that a contestant has not met their goal weight, they can weigh in again as many times as they want inside a designated amount of time determined by a contest official. Should the contestant be unable to reach their goal weight during the determined time extension, they will be disqualified.
Chapter 7: The Ring
Article 18【the ring】
The ring is specified as of below:
- The ring is to be prepared in accordance with the Japan Shooto Associations’ basic rules as accurately as possible and needs to be officially judged and acknowledged. It needs to either consist of a rectangular ring, enclosed by 3-4 rows of ropes under high tension, a cage enclosed by a wire mesh fence, wrestling mats or a Jūdō hall.
- The rings’ floor must be horizontal and surrounded by a suitably wide amount of space.
- The ring’s floor must exhibit hardness equal to a wrestling mat or tatami flooring.
- The diagonally opposing corners via which the contestants are supposed to enter the ring must be made distinguishable via color-coding, using red and blue. All other corners are determined as neutral corners. Seating for contest officials must be
provided alongside the ring. Furthermore, 2 seats facing each other must be provided to the sub-referees, with the ring acting as a divider between them.
- Brightness of ring illumination must be chosen so that matches are not disturbed by it in any way.
Chapter 8: Gloves
Article 19【Shooto gloves】
Gloves that are to be used in a match need to be open-finger type leather-made Shooto gloves that have been officially approved by the Japan Shooto association.
In the event of a match, both competitors are required to use gloves of the same weight. Opposing parties are not allowed to equip sets of gloves that are different from each other with regard to size and shape.
Article 20【glove size】
Gloves to be used in a match must meet the weight and manufacturing specifications as of below:
(1) ST-555 as manufactured by Winning
Atomweight ~ Featherweight, knuckle pad thickness 25mm (S, SS size)
Lightweight ~ Welterweight, knuckle pad thickness 30mm (M size)
Middleweight and above knuckle pad thickness 35mm (L size) (2) ST-777 as manufactured by Winning / SHO-4 as manufactured by Isami Atomweight ~ Bantamweight knuckle pad thickness 20mm (S size)
Featherweight ~ Welterweight knuckle pad thickness 25mm (M size) Middleweight and above knuckle pad thickness 30mm (L size)
Article 21【equipping gloves】
Only gloves that have been properly inspected by the Japan Shooto Association can be equipped during a match. In order to prevent gloves from slipping off during a match, they must be secured by wrapping them with tape at the position of the contestants’ wrist.
Article 22【glove craftsmanship】
In order to avoid injuries, the gloves must be fashioned in a way so that padding at the knuckle area and the hitting surface cannot move when the glove is equipped and the glove itself must be constructed in a way that sufficiently prevents deformation.
Chapter 9: Bandages and Taping
Bandages can only be used for the sole purpose of protecting the fists. The same precondition applies if no bandages are used and replaced with adhesive tape.
Only bandages made from cloth material certified by the Japan Shooto Association and containing no other materials/objects whatsoever may be applied to the fists. Adhesive tape may be used in order to affix the bandages, although it must not be applied to the knuckle area. Furthermore, in the event of using adhesive tape exclusively, the tape may be wrapped around the knuckles as well as the wrist for a maximum of 2 times, without exceeding this number of times.
After the bandages and/or adhesive tape have been applied, they must be inspected by a contest official prior to a match. After the inspection has been completed, no changes can be made to the wrapping itself and no additional pieces of tape can be applied.
Chapter 10: Protective Equipment
Article 26【contestants’ protective equipment】
Contestants must wear protective equipment that sufficiently covers their heads, knees, shins as well as their instep, such as headgear, knee pads and shin guards certified by the Japan Shooto association.
Article 27【prohibited items】
Protective equipment that is of inferior quality or that exhibits performance impairments due to any amount of use or deterioration is not to be utilized.
Chapter 11: Attire
Article 28【contestant attire】
Contestants must, in accordance to the colour of their respective corners, wear either red of blue leggings, shorts or fighting pants certified by the Japan Shooto association. Furthermore, female contestants must cover their upper body with a T-Shirt that does not impede their ability to attack or defend. Leotards are not to be worn.
Article 29【prohibited items】
Contestants must compete bare-footed and, in the case of male contestants, with a bare chest. No clothing aside from the items required according to the above regulations may be worn.
Chapter 12: Hygiene
Article 30【contestant hygiene】
Contestants must observe the following points:
- The contestants’ body and hair must be clean and sanitary.
- Clothing and equipment must be clean as well as dry and must not emit any kind of unpleasant smell.
- Fingernails as well as toenails must be trimmed, so that they cannot injure a competitors’ skin.
- Long hair must be tied up according to a contest officials’ judgement.
- Beards must be trimmed to a length that will not cause any discomfort for competitors.
Chapter 13: Victory and Defeat Article 31【determining victory and defeat】
Victory and defeat will be determined as of below:
- Knockout (KO)
Continuation of the fight is impossible due to damage sustained via strikes and throws, according to the referees’ judgement.
- Technical Knockout (Below: TKO)
- Continuation of the fight is impossible due to injuries sustained via strikes, throws or locking techniques etc., according to the referees’ judgement.
- Continuation of the fight is impossible due to damage or injuries or sustained via strikes, throws or locking techniques etc., according to the doctors’ judgement.
- Continuation of the fight is impossible due to excessive bleeding, regardless of the amount of damage sustained.
- Should any contestant, after sustaining strikes or throws, lose their fighting spirit and signal that they want to give up.
- Should a second in attendance throw a towel into the ring or announce that their contestant will not compete.
- Ippon (Submission = S)
Should any contestant caught in a locking technique or stranglehold verbally signal defeat by saying “I give up” or any other phrase or word that clearly shows their intention to give up. Otherwise, a contestant can signal defeat non-verbally by either tapping anywhere on their competitors’ body or on the ring floor consecutively for more than 2 times. This action will be judged in an equal manner to verbally signalling defeat.
- Technical Ippon (Technical submission = TS)
Applies, if a locking technique or stranglehold has been executed to completion, according to the referees’ judgement.
After the final round has ended, each judge casts 1 vote of equal value. The contestant receiving 2 or more votes is declared the winner. In the case of no contestant reaching 2 votes, the contestant with the lower amount of total penalty points is declared the winner. In the case of equal amounts of penalty points, the match results in a draw. Furthermore, should any judge make any mistakes during scoring or score totalization, the results cannot be changed by anyone but the Japan Shooto Association.
- Technical Decision (TD)
In the tournament system, should one or both contestants be unable to continue the match due to injury or damage caused by an accident as well as in the case of (natural) disaster or equipment failure resulting in a situation that does not allow for the continuation of a match, the superior contestant according to the total point scores at the moment the match was aborted is declared the winner.
- Extension Decision
Should a final match in the tournament system result in a draw after 2 regular rounds, an extension round of 2 minutes duration is added to the match. The match will then be judged based on the outcome and scoring of this final 2 minute round alone.
- Deduction of points and disqualification due to foul play
- In the case of a foul, may it be intentional or unintentional, the referee is to issue a warning (a verbal warning can be issued 1 time and only in the case of a light foul). A 2nd warning will result in a yellow card = deduction of 1 point, whereas a 3rd warning will result in disqualification.
- In the case of a vicious foul, according to the severity of the rule violation, a yellow card can be issued immediately upon the 1st warning and, in extreme cases, instant disqualification may take place.
- Verbal warnings have no influence on scoring. In the case of an inconclusive vote, even though a verbal warning has been issued over the course of a match, tournament matches will be extended in order to determine a victor, whereas single matches will result in a draw.
- Should the referee determine that any contestant is unable to continue a match due to injuries or damage sustained by a foul, the contestant committing the foul loses the match. However, it is possible to continue the match after a rest period the duration of which is to be determined by the referee.
Chapter 14: Scoring
Each round, a base amount of 10 points is assumed to be held by both contestants, respectively. While the superior contestant keeps a total of 10 points, points are subtracted from the point score of the inferior contestant as follows, according to the difference in skill and ability that is noticeable during each round:
10 – 10 Equality (both contestants show equal offensive and defensive prowess etc.)
10 – 9 Certain differences in skill are noticeable (valid hits etc.)
10 – 8 Obvious differences in skill are noticeable (effective hits etc.)
10 – 7 Overwhelming differences in skill are noticeable (close calls, “almost” a KO or TKO)
Article 33【forced decision】
In a tournament match, when both contestants are equal even after the extension round has ended, a forced decision needs to take place in order to determine the superior contestant.
During a forced decision, contestants cannot receive identical point scores from the judges. However, the final round of a single match can be scored 10 – 10.
Chapter 15: Positions
Any position in which a contestant is not continuously touching the floor with any part of their body aside from the sole of their feet is called “standing position”. Any position in which a contestant is continuously touching the floor with any part of their body aside from the sole of their feet is called “ground position”.
Chapter 16: “Don’t Move”
Article 35 【”don’t move”】
The referee can issue the “don’t move” command during a match, if a contestant is close to leaving the ring, has left the ring as well as when the clothing or gear of a contestant in the ground position has gotten out of place or is about to get out of place. As soon as the command is issued, both contestants must immediately stop moving and have to stay in their current respective positions, unless the referee orders them to perform any action or gives command to carry on with the match.
Chapter 17: Break
Article 36 【break】
The referee can order contestants to “break”, if they are entangled in a mutual holding position that does not show any offensive or defensive progress, according to the referees’ judgement. Furthermore, “break” may be issued when contestants move either intentionally or unintentionally, despite of being told “don’t move” by the referee beforehand. It can also be used when contestants are physically unable to remain in their current body position after a “don’t move” command has been issued. Following the “break” command, both contestants are to assume a standing position before carrying on with the match. “Break” may also be issued if a contestant in the ground position is picked up by their competitor without any further actions taking place afterwards. Contestants need to understand that they must immediately interrupt any offensive or defensive action, as soon as the “break” command is issued by the referee.
Chapter 18: Fouls
Article 37 【fouls】
The following actions are declared a foul:
- Prohibited attacks
- Forearm and elbow strikes.
- Strikes performed with any part of the hand aside from the knuckles.
- Blows to the back of the head.
- Blows to the spine.
- Blows to the front of the knee joint.
- Any attacks aimed at the fingers.
- Any attacks aimed at the genitalia.
- Locking techniques from a standing position that create excessive force on the joints due to use of extreme body weight shifts.
- Strikes aimed at an opponent in the ground position, unrelated to one or both contestants currently being in the ground position.
- Holding an opponents’ head from behind before creating excessive force on an opponents’ neck due to use of extreme body weight shifts.
- Throws that carry the risk of an opponent landing on the mat headfirst.
- Head holds that carry the risk on an opponent hitting the ground with the back of their head.
- Front falls after holding an opponent up, with the risk of them hitting the floor vertically with either the top of their head, the back of their head or their back.
- Stomping on the instep.
- Blows to the kidneys.
- Prohibited behaviour
- Biting and pushing your teeth into an opponent.
- Scratching an opponent.
- Penetration of an opponents’ eyes, nose, ears, mouth or anus.
- Pushing ones’ elbow, chin or other pointy body parts into an opponents’ eyes.
- Pinching an opponents’ skin.
- Seizing an opponents’ hair, throat, nose, ears or genitalia.
- Putting pressure on an opponents’ throat with your fingers of the palm of your hand.
- Seizing less than 3 fingers when grabbing an opponents’ hand.
- Seizing an opponents’ clothing or equipment.
- Hitting an opponents’ face or throat against the ropes or corner mat.
- Using the ropes or corner mat as a lever to create excessive force on the joints.
- Seizing the ropes or corner mat and suspending oneself from them by the arms or legs. (※ it is allowed to place your hands or feet on the corner/ropes, to push off from them or to kick off them. However, these actions are limited to be performed with the palms of your hands and the soles of your feet. Using the whole arm or leg will result in a foul. While one other body part needs to touch the floor continuously when kicking off from a corner or rope with the sole of your feet, this limitation does not hold true if you use the palm of your hand to push off from them.)
- Performing offensive or defensive actions before the referee has ordered the match to continue after issuing a “break” or “don’t move” command.
- Techniques or actions from a forward-bent position that will result in hitting the floor headfirst.
- Attacks that take place outside of a match round.
- Removing the opponent from the ring on purpose.
- Passive or unmotivated fighting behaviour.
- Ignoring the referees’ orders.
- Use of offensive behaviour or insulting speech against an opponent, referee etc.
- Using a strange or loud voice.
- Having a conversation with your opponent.
- Actions that put unreasonable pressure/stress on an opponents’ spine.
- Interlocking the fingers.
- Avoidance behaviour
- Leaving the ring on purpose.
- Causing delays by spitting out the mouthpiece on purpose etc.
- Match fixing
- Match fixing by either one or both contestants.
- Conspiring or not fighting with their whole energy and putting on a show etc.
- Offenses against common etiquette
Any action that is an offense against common etiquette according to the referees’ judgement.
Chapter 19: Filing a Complaint
Article 38 【filing a complaint】
Should disagreements with or objections to the ruling of a match or any other complaints regarding it arise, concerned parties are free to file a written complaint with the Japan Shooto Association within 1 week after the day of the match. After the case has been presented, the Japan Shooto Association will then, after internal deliberation, make a judgement and try to find a solution to the problem at hand.
Chapter 20: The Referee
Article 39 【referees】
Referees have full authority to guide championship matches. A referee must be trained to strictly observe contestants’ safety as well as the rules, and must strive for matches to be carried out as smoothly as possible by giving reasonable instructions.
Article 40 【referee attire】
A referees’ attire is to be chosen as of below:
- A dedicated polo shirt, T-Shirt or a white dress shirt which can neither be unsightly nor can it impair the referees’ ability to move freely.
- Bare feet, wrestling shoes or any other type of shoe that does not impair the referees’ ability to move freely.
- Glasses, wristwatches, jewellery or any other types of metal objects are not to be worn on the body during a match. Metal belt buckles as well as all other metal objects should possibly be avoided. Glasses can be worn if they are tightly secured by a glasses lace.
Article 41 【referee duties】
A referees’ duties are as follows:
- Inspection of the ring and confirmation of all contest officials’ correct seating arrangement prior to the start of a match.
- Physical examination of both contestants after they have entered the ring, confirmation of the absence of rule violations.
- Briefly reminding both contestants to observe the rules at all times at the centre of the ring, after which the contestants are sent to their respective corners. Confirming that no other person aside from the contestants and the referee are located inside the ring before giving the start signal to the timekeeper.
- Positioning themselves in a way that allows for precise observation of all offensive and defensive actions taken by both contestants at all times, without obstructing the flow of the match.
- Keeping a neutral attitude towards both contestants and their actions and, moreover, evaluate them in a fair manner. Assign point scores to both contestants after each round and mark them down on the scorecard immediately, handing it over to the chairman after the match has ended and the scores are about to be totalized.
- Interrupting the match in the case of an injury or bleeding suffered by either contestant and request examination by the doctor.
- Stopping the match if, according to the referees’ judgement, it has become obvious that continuation will be impossible due to injuries or damage sustained by strikes, throws, locking techniques etc.
- Stopping the match if any contestant loses their fighting spirit or signals their will to give up after suffering strikes, throws etc. Stopping the match if a second throws a towel into the ring or announces that their contestant will not compete.
- Stopping the match if a contestant is caught in a joint lock or stranglehold and signals their will to give up. Stopping the match if a joint lock or stranglehold has been successfully completed.
- Waving their hands above their head several times in order to indicate that a match has ended either due to Ippon, KO or any other reason that results in a match ending prematurely.
- Issuing the “break” command if contestants remain in an interlocked position without any offensive or defensive development, breaking them apart as quickly as possible and having them assume a standing position before giving the command to continue the match.
- Issuing the “don’t move” command if any contestant is about to leave the ring due to offensive or defensive behaviour, observing – together with the sub-referees – that both contestants obey the command, transferring both contestants to a position in which offensive as well as defensive techniques are possible and giving the command to continue the match.
- Ordering contestants to rearrange their clothing or equipment in a way that does not interfere with offensive or defensive actions, should any of it come loose or give an impression of becoming loose soon.
- Giving the “fight” command when the match begins, or when it is continued after an interruption or when both contestants are too reluctant to take action, according to the referees’ judgement.
- Interrupting the match after an intentional or unintentional foul has been committed and issuing a (verbal) warning to the contestant committing the foul.
- Interrupting the match after an intentional or unintentional serious foul has been committed, drawing the attention of the contestant committing the foul and awarding them penalty points accordingly.
- When awarding penalty points, the referee brings both hands up to his chest and goes on to raise the hand on which he wears either the red or blue wristband matching the colour assigned to the contestant committing the foul above his head. In order to award 1 penalty point, the thumb is now raised to the “thumbs up” position. In order to award 2 penalty points, the index finger and the middle finger are raised into the “Victory” position. Additionally, the contest officials need to be informed verbally about corner colour, reasoning, type of foul committed and amount of penalty points awarded before the match can continue.
- Calling out “stop” when a match is being interrupted or stopped.
- Calling out “time” to the timekeeper, if the round timer is to be stopped. When intending to reopen the match, communicating the fact to the timekeeper and giving the “fight” command in order to resume the match.
- When stopping a match, communicating the reasoning to the contest officials.
- Communicating the number of the next round to both contestants during the interval between rounds. Furthermore, if necessary, enquiring about contestants’ will to continue the match and advising them accordingly.
- Collecting the score cards from sub-referees after the match has ended and handing them over to the contest officials for point totalization.
- Raising the victorious contestants’ arm and announcing them the winner after a match has ended. In the case of a single match resulting in a draw, raising both contestants’ arms and announcing a draw.
Article 42【referee authority】
A referee is authorized to perform the following actions:
- Stopping the match and determining victory and defeat after continuation of a match has become impossible according to the referees’ judgement, because of damage or injuries sustained by either contestant due to strikes, throws, locking techniques etc.
- Stopping the match and determining victory and defeat after a locking technique or stranglehold have been successfully executed, according to the referees’ judgement.
- Disqualifying a contestant after they have committed several fouls, despite of having been warned multiple times. If necessary, contestants can also be disqualified instantly and without prior warning.
- Issuing warnings and awarding penalty points to contestants committing fouls, even if the foul has taken place outside of a round.
- Issuing rest periods, in order to allow contestants who have fallen victim to a foul to recover. Ordering the match to continue after an adequate recovery period has been granted.
- Starting a countdown or announcing a TKO if a contestant does not show any intent to continue the match or if a contestant has lost their fighting spirit.
- Asking for the opinion of the chairman and the sub-referees, if an Ippon, TKO or foul cannot be clearly determined by the referee.
- Asking for the opinion of the chairman and the sub-referees if justification for disqualification or penalty points cannot be clearly determined by the referee.
- Requesting the assistance of sub-referees during a “don’t move” command.
- Asking for the opinion of the doctor, if a contestants’ ability to continue the match due to sustained damage or injuries cannot be clearly determined by the referee.
- Stopping the match in the case of (natural) disaster or equipment failure that renders continuation of the match unlikely.
Chapter 21: The Sub-Referees
Sub-referees are seated at the designated sub-referee positions and are to observe any match in a calm and attentive manner and must assist the referee if necessary all while making a general effort to enable a match to run as smoothly as possible.
Article 44【sub-referees’ duties】
A sub-referees duties are as follows:
- Keeping a neutral attitude towards both contestants and their actions and, moreover, evaluate them in a fair manner. Assign point scores to both contestants after each round and mark them down on the scorecard immediately, handing it over to the referee after the match has ended and the scores are about to be totalized.
- Pointing out a contestants’ will to give up or occurring fouls to the referee, if they have been unable to notice or verify them.
- If requested, entering the ring as quickly as possible and assisting the referee during a “don’t move” command. Verifying that both contestants obey the command and do not move until they have been transferred to a position that allows for offensive as well as defensive actions.
- If requested, providing the referee with their opinion on possible disqualification and penalty points.
Chapter 22: The Timekeeper
Article 45【the timekeeper】
The timekeeper is seated at the designated contest official area alongside the ring and must undertake all relevant timing processes with utmost attention to detail using a reliable clock.
Article 46【timekeepers’ duties】
A timekeepers’ duties are as follows:
- Announcing the beginning and end of every round using a gong, a bell or a signal horn.
- Signalling the announcer to give the “seconds out” command 10 seconds prior to the beginning of a round.
- Stopping the round timer immediately when the referee issues the “time” command. Resuming timing accordingly.
- Signalling the premature ending of a match prior to the end of the final round by using a gong, a bell or a horn and marking down the exact time at which the match has ended.
Chapter 23: The Announcer
Article 47【the announcer】
Announcers must always speak in a clear and audible voice, in order to enable a match to run as smoothly as possible.
Article 48【announcers’ duties】
An announcers’ duties are as follows:
- Announcing the weight class, number of rounds, both contestants’ weight as well as their names prior to a match.
- Giving the “seconds out” command 10 seconds prior to the beginning of a round.
- If deduction of points occurs during a round, announcing the reason for penalization, the penalized contestants’ name as well as the number of penalty points awarded after the round has ended.
- After a match has ended, announcing the exact time of its end, the victorious contestants’ name as well as the reason for victory.
- Making special announcement as requested by the contest officials.
Chapter 24: The Doctor
Article 49【the doctor】
The doctor must be a sports medicine specialist familiar with the techniques and rules of Shooto. Furthermore, the contestants’ health must be their main concern.
Article 50【doctors’ duties】
A doctors’ duties are as follows:
- Physical examination of all contestants on the day of a match or tournament prior to the first match of the day. If necessary, advising the contest officials to revoke a contestants’ right to participate in the event at hand.
- Being seated in the designated contest officials’ area alongside the ring, examining contestants during a match upon the referees’ request and providing the referee with recommendations to either continue or stop a match.
Article 51【doctors’ authority】
A doctors’ authorities are as follows:
- Determining a contestants’ ability to perform in a match, depending on the outcome of prior physical examination.
- Determining a contestants’ ability to continue a match after they have sustained damage or bleeding injuries.
General Incorporated Shooto Association of Japan
Partly revised 01.01.2017, / changes made 19.02.2017
Partly revised 28.09.2016, / changes made 09.10.2016
Partly revised 13.05.2016, / changes made 15.05.2016
Partly revised 16.01.2015, / changes made 25.01.2015
Partly revised 15.11.2014, / changes made 01.01.2015
Partly revised 30.10.2014, / changes made 01.01.2015
Partly revised 30.12.2011, / changes made 01.01.2012
Partly revised 01.04.2011, / changes made 01.04.2011
Partly revised 15.06.2009, / changes made 23.09.2009 Partly revised 05.03.2008, / changes made 08.06.2008